Researchers have uncovered the oldest known human brain, about 6000 years old, from an ancient Armenian cave. A 6000 years old human brain? Can you believe this? According to Gregory Areshian of the University of California, the researchers found three Copper Age human skulls, each buried in a separate niche inside the three-chambered, 600-square-meter cave that overlooks southeastern Armenia's Arpa River.
After initial study conducted independently by three biological anthropologists, it is now confirmed that the skulls belonged to 12 to 14-year-old girls. Remarkably, one skull contained a shriveled but well-preserved brain. "This is the oldest known human brain from the Old World," Gregory Areshian of the University of California said.
Scientists are now busy in studying the brain that have noted preserved blood vessels on its surface. Surviving red blood cells have been extracted from those hardy vessels for analysis. The cave has also offered surprising new insights into the origins of modern civilizations, such as evidence of a wine making enterprise and an array of culturally diverse pottery.